Blepharoplasty, also known as eyelid surgery, is a surgical procedure designed to improve the appearance of the eyelids by removing excess skin, fat, and muscle.
The procedure can be performed on either the upper or lower eyelids or both, depending on the patient's needs and goals. Blepharoplasty can help to reduce the appearance of sagging or drooping eyelids, puffiness, and under-eye bags, giving the eyes a more youthful and refreshed appearance.
In addition to its cosmetic benefits, blepharoplasty can also improve peripheral vision by removing excess tissue that may be obstructing the field of seeing.
Ideal candidates for eyelid surgery should be healthy people with realistic expectations for the outcome of the procedure. People who may benefit from blepharoplasty include those who have:
It's important for candidates to have good overall health, not smoke, and have realistic expectations for the outcome of the procedure. The candidates need to have a thorough consultation with a surgeon to determine if blepharoplasty is the best course of action for them.
Preparation for blepharoplasty typically involves the following:
Following these steps can help ensure a smooth and successful blepharoplasty procedure and recovery period. These are a must for the best results.
Blepharoplasty is usually performed under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia, depending on the scope of the surgery and both the surgeon's and the patient's preferences.
The surgical approach used for blepharoplasty depends on the area of the eyelid that needs treatment. The two main approaches are:
In some cases, a combination of both upper and lower blepharoplasty may be performed to achieve a more comprehensive rejuvenation of the eye area. After the procedure is complete, the surgeon may apply ointment and a dressing to the treated area to protect it and reduce swelling. Most patients are able to go home on the later day of the surgery.
After an eyelid surgery, some discomfort, swelling, and bruising might be seen in the treated area. The surgeon prescribes some drugs and advises the patient to apply ice packs to the area to reduce swelling.
Patients should avoid heavy physical activity and bending over for several days after the surgery to prevent excess pressure on the related area. They should also avoid rubbing their eyes and wear dark glasses to protect their eyes from sunlight and wind.
It's normal to experience some blurry vision or light sensitivity immediately after the operation but this should pass within a few days. Most people are able to return to work and normal activities within 7-10 days.
The doctor provides detailed aftercare instructions, which may include specific instructions for wound care and medication use. It's important to follow these instructions carefully to have proper healing and avoid complications.
Since blepharoplasty is usually performed under local anesthesia with sedation, patients experience no discomfort during the procedure. After the surgery, some side effects might be seen but these can be managed with painkillers prescribed by the surgeon.
It may take months for the scars to be fully non-visible. However, the incisions made during blepharoplasty are typically well-hidden in the natural creases of the eyelids, so any scarring can be minimal and not noticeable.
The results of blepharoplasty are long-lasting, even for some people they may be permanent but the natural aging process will continue. It's important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and protect the skin from sun damage to prolong the results of the procedure.