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Zirconium Crown


A zirconium crown is a type of dental crown made from zirconium oxide, a strong and durable ceramic material. Zirconium crowns are often used in restorative dentistry to restore a damaged or decayed tooth to its original size and shape and to improve its appearance.


What is Zirconium Crown Procedure?


Zirconium crown is a dental treatment in which a crown (a tooth-shaped cap) is placed over a damaged or decayed tooth to restore its appearance and functionality. The crown is made of zirconium, a biocompatible material that is durable and resistant to wear.

The procedure is commonly used in cosmetic dentistry due to its natural appearance and ability to blend in with surrounding teeth. It's also used in restorative dentistry to treat teeth that have been damaged or are at risk of becoming damaged. The procedure involves removing the damaged portion of the tooth and preparing the remaining tooth structure for the crown. The crown is then custom-made to fit over the prepared tooth and is cemented in place.

Zirconium crowns are known for their strength and durability and are less likely to crack or break compared to traditional porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns. They also offer improved esthetics, as they do not contain metal and therefore do not have the dark metal margins commonly associated with PFM crowns. Additionally, zirconium crowns are compatible with metal-free restorations, making them a popular choice for those seeking metal-free dental treatments.


In Which Conditions is Zirconium Crown Performed?


Zirconium crowns may be a viable option for individuals who have a damaged or decayed tooth that needs to be restored. There are some common criteria for zirconium crown treatment.


  • Large Cavities or Fillings: If a large portion of a tooth is missing or decayed, a zirconium crown can be used to restore the tooth's shape, size, and function.
  • Broken or Chipped Teeth: A zirconium crown can be used to restore the appearance and strength of a broken or chipped tooth.
  • Root Canal Therapy: After a root canal procedure, a zirconium crown can be used to protect and reinforce the remaining tooth structure.
  • Cosmetic Purposes: Zirconium crowns are often used for cosmetic purposes because of their natural-looking appearance and ability to blend in with surrounding teeth.
  • Replacement of Old, Metal-Based Crowns: If a person has an old, metal-based crown that is causing esthetic or biological issues, a zirconium crown can be used to replace it.


While zirconium crowns are a viable option for many people, it is important to remember that they may not be the best choice for everyone. For this reason, it is the right approach to plan a consultation with your dentist before treatment. 


How is Zirconium Crown Procedure Performed?


The zirconium crown procedure typically involves several steps.


  • Preparation: The first step is to prepare the damaged tooth. This involves removing any decay or damage and reshaping the tooth so that the crown can be fitted securely.
  • Impressions: Next, your dentist will take impressions of your teeth to create a model for the crown. This model is used to custom-make the crown to fit your specific tooth shape and size.
  • Temporary Crown: While the permanent crown is being made, a temporary crown may be placed over the prepared tooth to protect it and maintain its shape.
  • Placement of Permanent Crown: Once the permanent crown is ready, your dentist will remove the temporary crown and cement the permanent crown in place. The crown is carefully adjusted to ensure a comfortable fit and proper bite.
  • Follow-up: After the procedure, you will need to follow up with your dentist to ensure that the crown is fitting properly and to monitor the health of the treated tooth.


The entire zirconium crown procedure usually takes two or more visits to the dentist. The length of time it takes for the crown to be fabricated and placed depends on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the availability of the laboratory, and the dentist's schedule.


How is the Zirconium Crown Recovery Process?


The recovery process after a zirconium crown procedure is typically straightforward and most people experience only minor discomfort. Some symptoms may occur after the procedure.


  • Sensitivity: Your tooth may be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures for a few days after the procedure. This sensitivity should subside within a week or two.
  • Pain: Some people experience mild pain or discomfort in the treated area. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen can usually alleviate any discomfort.
  • Temporary Adjustment Period: It may take a few days to get used to the feel of the new crown. You may experience some minor discomfort or a slight adjustment period as you get used to biting and chewing with the new crown.


It is important to follow your dentist's post-operative instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and minimize any potential complications. This may include avoiding hard, crunchy, or sticky foods for a period and brushing and flossing regularly to maintain good oral hygiene.

If you experience any excessive pain, swelling, or other concerning symptoms, it is important to contact your dentist as soon as possible. With proper care and maintenance, your zirconium crown can last for many years and provide a strong and esthetically pleasing solution to restoring your damaged tooth.

Frequently Asked Questions